Cornish Pine/Cornish Gilliflower



Cornish Pine or more probably Cornish Gilliflower
The mystery deepens!  I found and recorded this apple from Deacons as Cornish Pine (Cornish Pine is described as round in Crawford) but it seems to fit the descriptions of Cornish Gilliflower and to match the picture in Michael Clark’s book.  Did I misread the label? The trees at Deacons are in alphabetical order and this would be possible?  Unfortunately I have no photo, only my drawing and notes.

Found in a cottage garden near Truro in Cornwall about 1800 and shown to the RHS in London in 1813 by Sir Christopher Hawkins and awarded a Silver Medal. Gilliflower comes from the old French word for clove ‘girofle’ from the clove like fragrance of the cut fruit.

Medium size. Oblong/conical, very irregular and angular, flat sided and with definite ribs. Very five crowned, flattened at apex and rounded at base.
Green becoming yellow, flushed orange red going scarlet red with darker broad red stripes. 
Now for the difference of opinion! I found the Lenticel dots fairly conspicuous, Clark says ‘there are very obvious grey lenticel dots’ Bultitude says ‘lenticels inconspicuous’.  We agree the skin is rough and dry and netted and patched with russet.

Cavity ‘narrow to medium’ (Bultitude) my observation ‘cavity varies’, irregular. We both agree that the cavity is lined with russet and can remain dark green.
Stalk we agree on long and well above cavity but I made it sturdy and Bultitude describes it as ‘fairly slender’
Basin narrow, uneven with beading
Eye smallish, closed, pinched together.  Bultitude says ‘closed or part open, appears pinched in’.
Sepals small, erect, tight together and reflexed.
Flesh orange yellow tint.

Tube long funnel – my drawing agrees with Bultitude, Stamens ?, Core abaxile, open and quite large. The pips were small in my sample.

Tree spreading and flat headed, mostly tip bearing

Flowering: Pollination Group D

Season : November to March

This is one of the few Leaves I recorded – small and downy underneath .  Clark says they are ‘small, narrow and blueish green.  They are bluntly serrated, thin, upward folding and downy’.